Cognitive technology imitates human thoughts and processes, so artificial intelligence is the product. Examples include machine learning, voice recognition, robotics, processing of natural learning, etc.

In order to achieve this new level of technology, Cognitive systems must be,

1.Adaptive 

2. Interactive

3. Iterative and state

4. Contextual

So this Cognitive Computing imitates the function of the human brain and handles the problems of human nature. This uses the learning algorithm of the machine. Cognitive technology is a subset of the broader field of artificial intelligence, which could itself be considered a subset of biomimetics. While artificial intelligence has long been the subject of research, cognitive technology has mainly evolved from the Internet (especially the web and the cloud).

Cognitive technology has also been used in the business sector, perhaps most renowned for the Netflix streaming media service, which uses it to generate user recommendations (a function that has largely contributed to the success of the company).

It is possible for machines to learn from experience and to penetrate data complexity to identify associations for the first time in computer history.

The field is called cognitive analytics™— inspired by the processing of information by the human brain, it draws conclusions instead of depending on predefined rules and structured queries. Cognitive analysis can overcome the limitations of human knowledge and enable us to process and understand Big Data in real time.

ARCHITECTURE:

Three major elements:

a) Executive layer- Planner and stimulation

b) The layer of coordination- Diagnostic, Base model, Monitor, and Executor.

c) Execution Layer- Effector and Perceptor

APPLICATIONS:

-Cognitive computing increases productivity in agriculture.

-Cognitive computing makes cars more intelligent.

-Cognitive computing makes both our homes and offices safer and our borders more secure.

FUTURE ASPECTS:

-Augmented Virtual Reality

-Sentient Systems

-Specialized Deep Learning on Big Data sets

-Generalized Artificial Intelligence systems

One notable innovation that has become emblematic of cognitive technology is the Watson supercomputer of IBM, which has a processing rate of 80 teraflops that it uses to “think “and (or better) a human brain.